HISTORY

The Daughters of George III: Sisters and Princesses

Pen & Sword. Nov. 2020. 208p. ISBN 9781473897533. $39.95. HIST
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In 1761, King George III married 17-year-old Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; they went on to have 15 children, 13 of whom lived to adulthood. A great deal has been written about the sons, including Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, father of Queen Victoria. Historian Curzon (The Elder Sons of George III) focuses on the six princesses: Charlotte, Princess Royal; Augusta Sophia; Elizabeth; Mary; Sophia; and Amelia. Each daughter is profiled in a separate chapter that also provides insights on how they were impacted by their father’s mental and physical illness. Augusta Sophia had a long-term relationship and (possible secret marriage) to Sir Brent Spencer and Elizabeth married later in life to Frederick VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg. Charlotte married Frederick I of Württemberg. Mary married her cousin Prince William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh. Perhaps the most intriguing is Sophia, rumored to have an illegitimate child with Gen. Thomas Garth, 33 years her senior. Amelia, her father’s favorite, died young from tuberculosis, unable to attain permission to marry Charles FitzRoy, a descendant of Charles II. Extensive bibliographical notes add value.
VERDICT This fascinating look at the lives and times of the six daughters of George III and Queen Charlotte delivers an engaging read for enthusiasts of the royals and British history.

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