Conflict in the Modern Middle East: An Encyclopedia of Civil War, Revolutions, and Regime Change

ABC-CLIO. Mar. 2020. 409p. ed. by ed. by Jonathan K. Zartman. ISBN 9781440865022. $97. REF
Zartman (Dept. of Research, Air Command and Staff Coll.) offers general readers a laudable look at the 2011 Arab Spring protests and their resulting consequences, which swept all 22 states in the Middle East as well as bordering North African areas. Also addressed are the 2005 Cedar Revolution in Lebanon and Iran’s 2009 Green Revolution. Featuring approximately 250 short entries from 73 prominent scholars in 17 countries, the work provides cogent explanations about Islam and the various economic, social, and cultural forces that not only propelled the region into conflict but continue to influence the areas today. In addition to these broad regional topics, there are entries on country-specific profiles of the most significant personalities during that time, and snapshots of those who gained prominence as a result of the uprisings. An extended chronology of important events, “see also” references, lists of further reading for each entry, and a select general bibliography of core resources are valuable tools. Nine primary documents, such as the “Arab Peace Initiative” of 2002 provide insight into attempts at resolving the conflict. This resource adroitly highlights the tensions and challenges brought on by the divergent monetary, philosophical, political, and religious differences in the Middle East over the past two decades.
VERDICT A thorough introduction to the Arab Spring with succinct and informative overviews of countries, cultures, and people most affected by the developments and outcomes.
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